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  Section II Use of English
  Comparisons were drawn between the development of television in the 20th century and the diffusion of printing in the 15th and 16th centuries. Yet much had happened 1 . As was discussed before, it was not 2 the 19th century that the newspaper became the dominant pre-electronic 3 , following in the wake of the pamphlet and the book and in the 4 of the periodical. It was during the same time the communications revolution 5 up, beginning with transport, the railway, and leading 6 through the telegraph, the telephone, radio, and motion pictures 7 the 20th-century world of the motor car and the airplane. Not everyone sees that process in 8 . It is important to do so.
  It is generally recognized, 9 , that the introduction of the computer in the early 20th century, 10 by the invention of the integrated circuit during the 1960s, radically changed the process, 11 its impact on the media was not immediately 12 . As time went by, computers became smaller and more powerful, and they became “personal” too, as well as 13 , with display becoming sharper and storage 14 increasing. They were thought of, like people, 15 generations, with the distance between generations much 16 .
  It was within the computer age that the term “information society” began to be widely used to describe the 17 within which we now live. The communications revolution has 18 both work and leisure and how we think and feel both about place and time, but there have been 19 views about its economic, political, social and cultural implications. “Benefits” have been weighed 20 “harmful” outcomes. And generalizations have proved difficult.
  1. [A] between [B] before[C] since[D] later
  2. [A] after[B] by[C] during[D] until
  3. [A] means[B] method[C] medium[D] measure
  4. [A] process[B] company[C] light[D] form
  5. [A] gathered[B] speeded[C] worked[D] picked
  6. [A] on[B] out[C] over[D] off
  7. [A] of[B] for[C] beyond[D] into
  8. [A] concept[B] dimension[C] effect[D] perspective
  9. [A] indeed[B] hence[C] however[D] therefore
  10. [A] brought[B] followed[C] stimulated[D] characterized
  11. [A] unless[B] since[C] lest[D] although
  12. [A] apparent[B] desirable[C] negative[D] plausible
  13. [A] institutional [B] universal[C] fundamental[D] instrumental
  14. [A]ability[B] capability[C] capacity[D] faculty
  15. [A] by means of[B] in terms of[C] with regard to [D] in line with
  16. [A] deeper[B] fewer[C] nearer[D] smaller
  17. [A] context[B] range[C] scope[D] territory
  18. [A] regarded[B] impressed[C]influenced[D] effected
  19. [A] competitive[B] controversial[C] distracting[D] irrational
  20. [A] above[B] upon[C] against[D] with


  1.答案:[A] between
  此题属于语法题。先项[A] between表示“在……之间”。考生可能熟悉between作介词的用法,却不了解其实它还可作为副词,例如:We have four classes in the morning and two in the afternoon, and we have lunch between. 我们上午有四节课,下午有两节课,期间我们进午餐。本题主要考查副词的用法。上文中提到了20世纪电视的发展及15、16世纪印刷术的传播,下文则讲到了这两个时间之间民生的一些事情。因此,根据上下文的关系,应选择[A] between。选项[B] before表示“在……之前”,既可作介词,也可作连词,例如:Before the class, I went over the lesson. 又如:Before the discussion began, I had a cup of tea. 选项[C] since 表示“既然”,可作介词、连词,也可作副词,例如:I haven’t written home since Christmas. 又如:I have been at his bedside since he became ill. 再如:Things have not changed very much since. 选项[D] later 表示“后来”例如:a week later. 这三个选项都不符合题意。
  2.答案:[D] until
  此题属于词语搭配题。读完此句,考生可以发现本句的主要结构是it was not until...that...,这是固定搭配,not until用于强调,例如:It was not until you told me that I knew he was the famous singer. 故选[D] until.其余选项:[A] after, [B] by和[C] during都与本题的语意不符。
  3.答案:[C] medium
  此题属于语意搭配题。选项[C] medium表示“媒体”。根据考生的常识不难判断本句中的主语newspaper应该属于medium(媒体)的一种。选项[A] means 意为“方法,手段”;选项[B]method意为“方法”;选项[D] measure意为“措施”。
  4.答案:[B] company
  此题属于语意搭配题。上文中的in the wake of the pamphlet and the book意为“伴随首小册子和书籍的出现”,据此可以判断与此相对应的应该是in the company of the periodical(伴随着期刊的兴起)。所以[B]是正确答案。选项[B]是正确答案。选项[B]:in the company of意为“在……的陪同下,伴随着”,例如:I traveled Egypt in the company of two teachers.(我在两个老师陪同下游览了埃及。)选项[A]:in the process意为“在进行中”,例如:The new library is in the process of being decorated.新图书馆正在进行装修。选项[D]: in the light of意为“鉴于,依据……看来”,例如:In the light of the accident, we have put off the meeting till next week. (鉴于这次事故,我们已经把会议推迟到下个星期。)选项[D]:in the form of意为“以……的形状”,例如:Te cookies were in the form of stars.(那些饼干的形状都像星星。)
  5.答案:[B] speed
  此题属于词语搭配题。本题主要考查动词短语的含义,这是考查的一个重点。选项[B]:speed (up)意为“加速”,例如:The train gradually speeded up.(火车逐渐加速了。)不难看出本句的含义是“在15世纪到20世纪之间,从火车、电报、电话到汽车、飞机、交通,通信业的变革速度越来越快”,故选[B]。选项[A]:gather (up)意为“收集”,例如:gather up one’s papers; 选项[C]:work (up)意为“逐步发展”,例如:work up to a climax(渐至高潮);选项[D]:pick (up)意为“捡起,学会”,例如:pick up a few words.
  6.答案:[A] on
  此题属于词语搭配题。选项[A] on可表示“持续地”,例如:He coughed on the whole night. lead on则表示“带头,走在前面”,例如:If you lead on, we will follow behind.原句很长,考生可通过分析句子结构来理解其含义。我们可以发现主语是communications revolution,而beginning与leading两个分词结构作状语,因此所填的空格要与leading这个关键词有关。因此[A]符合题意,是正确答案。选项[D]off跟在lead之后表示“开始”,例如:She led off with a song.(她以唱歌开始。)其他的选项[B]out和[C]over都不能与lead搭配。
  7.答案:[D] into
  此题属于语法题。选项[D]into意为“进入”,强调动态,例如:work far into the night。上文中有through the telegraph...,下文是the 20th century world, 说明革命一直持续直到进入20世纪,故选[D]。选项[A]of可表示所有、所属关系,例如:the legs of a chair。选项[B]for意为“为了”,例如:Do more exercise for the good of your health. 选项[C] beyond意为“超越”,例如:The town has changed beyond my recognition.
  8.答案:[D] perspective
  此题属于语意搭配题。本题考查的是介词与名词的语意搭配。选项[D]perspective意为“透视图,看法”; in perspective意为“正确地,适当地”,例如:look at things in perspective(正确地观察事物)。[D] 符合题意,是正确答案。选项[A]concept意为“概念”,例如:a concept of space; 选项[B]dimension意为“尺度,维度”,例如:The dimension of the window is 150cm long by 120cm wide. 选项[C]effect意为“效果”;in effect意为“实际上”,相当于in fact, 例如:In effect the government has lowered the taxes for the rich and raised them for the poor.(实际上政府已经降低了富人们的税收而提高了穷人们的税收。)此题表明考生应多注意介词与名词的搭配词语。
  9.答案:[C] however
  此题属于语篇连接题。选项[C]however意为“然而”,插入句中,前后要用逗号隔开,例如:Certainly he apologized. However, I won’t forgive him. 本题所在的句子很长,又出现了四个空格,这就需要考生同时考虑分析句子的语法关系和关键词语的搭配。上文说到“观察过程本身是很重要的”;本句中又提到“20世纪初电脑的引进……彻底地改变了这个过程”。那么,可以判断上下文应该是转折的关系,所以选[C]。选项[A]indeed意为“确实,果然”,例如:I am indeed glad to hear the news. 选项[B] hence意为“所以”,它后面的动词往往省略,例如:Her mother is a singer, hence her love for music. 该选项也可作副词,意为“今后,从此”,例如:What will the world have become a hundred years hence? 选项[D]therefore意为“所以”,例如:We don’t have enough money and therefore we have to give up the plan.
  此题属于语意搭配题。上文提到20世纪初电脑的发明,接着就是60年代集成电路的发明,后者应跟随在前者之后,所以正确的答案是[B]followed。 选项[A]brought意为“带来”;选项[C]stimulated意为“刺激,激励”,例如:The desire to become a successful businessman stimulated him to work hard.选项[D] characterized意为“以……为特征”,例如:An elephant is characterized by a long trunk.(大象的特征是鼻子长。)
  此题属于语篇连接题。选项[D]although可引导让步状语从句。原文从句中出现的速写词not可以看做是提示线索的标志词,因此从上下文逻辑关系来判断,[D]是正确答案。选项[A]unless意为“除非”(if...not),引导条件状语从句,例如:I won’t go to see the film unless I finish my work. 选项[B]since意为“自从;既然”。选项[C]lest意为“惟恐,以防万一”,例如:She walked quietly lest she (should) wake up the child.
  此题属于语意搭配题。选项[A]apparent意为“表面的,明显的”,例如:with apparent indifference(表面上装作漠不关心);又如:His grief is apparent to me. 选项[B]desirable意为“值得要的,令人满意的”。例如:a desirable job,该选项可用于It is desirable for sb. to do sth. 或It is desirable that...的句型中,例如:It is desirable for you to be present.(希望你能出席。)选项[C]negative意为“否定的,消极的”,例如:a negative response。选项[D]plausible意为“似是而非的”,例如:His explanation sounds fairly plausible to me. 本题考的是形容词语意的辨析,读懂整个句子后可发现[A]是最佳答案。
  此题属于语意搭配题。选项[B]universal意为“普遍的,通用的”,例如:a universal truth。本题中需要填入一个与上文中的personal相对应的形容词,所以首先要了解personal的含义:“个人的,个性化的”。因此[B ]符合题意。选项[A]institutional意为“制度的,规格化的”;选项[C]fundamental意为“基本的,重要的”,例如:fundamental human rights; 选项[D]instrumental意为“仪器的,器械的”。
  此题属于词语搭配题。选项[C]capacity意为“容量”,例如:The concert hall has a seating capacity of 1000.可与storage搭配,意为“(电脑储存)容量”,因此[C]是正确答案。另外,该选项也可意为“能力,理解力”,例如:This book is beyond young children’s capacity. (这本书超过了小孩子的理解范围。)选项[A]ability意为“能力,资格”,例如:the capability for the job。选项[D]faculty意为“能力”,后面常跟介词for或of ,例如:the faculty of reason;该选项还意为“(大学的)院系,全体(大学)教员”,例如:the faculty of law(法学院)。不过这三个选项都不能与storage搭配。
  15.答案:[B] in terms of
  此题属于语意搭配题。本题考查的是介词短语的习惯用法。选项[B]in terms of意为“按照,在……方面”,例如:A 200-year-old building is very old in terms of American history.(从美国历史来看,一栋有着200年历史的房子是很古老的。)根据题意,人们认为电脑与人一样,是一代一代的,故选[B]。选项[A]by means of,意为“通过……方法”,例如:He can express his thoughts by means of music.(他借音乐来表达思想。)选项[C]with regard to意为“关于”,例如:He wants to speak to you with regard to your financial situation.(他想就你的经济状况和你谈一下。)选项[D]in line with意为“与……一致”,如:His idea is not in line with mine.(他的想法与我的不一致)。
  此题属于语意搭配题。本题是以独立主格的形式出现,其逻辑主语是distance, 可指空间的距离或时间的间隔,能与它相搭配的只有选项[D]smaller。注意:选项[C]nearer本身就表示距离或时间的接近,所以不能修饰distance。但是我们可以说The distance is long/short。因此考生在做题时要排除汉语思维方式对英语的干扰。选项[A]deeper和选项[B]fewer都与本题题意不符。
  此题属于语意搭配题。选项[A] context意为“上下文”,也可意为“背景,环境”(=situation),例如:I think we need to look at these events in contest. 原句又是一个强调句型,所填空格的后面是一个定语从句,意为“我们所生活的……”,而与空格相对应的是information society(信息社会),可以判定空格的意思应与society相近,故[A]是正确答案。选项[B]range意为“(气温、价格等浮动的)幅度”,例如:the range of the price。选项[D]territory意为“领土”。本题说明考生不仅要注意单词的第一意思,即基本意思,还应加强对单词引申义的理解。
  此题属于语意搭配题。选项[C]influenced意为“影响”,例如:The weather in summer influenced the rice crops. 本题所填的词应与下文中的implications相对应;implications以复数形式出现时,表示possible effects or results(可能导致的结果、关系)。换句话说,就是影响,所以[C]influenced是正确答案。选项[A]regarded意为“看做,考虑”,常与as连用,例如:I regarded him as my father. 选项[B]impressed意为“给(某人)留下印象”,后面往往加sb.作宾语,例如:His behavior impressed me deeply.选项[D]effected作动词时意为“使……产生,改变”,例如:His opinion effected the plan.(他的意见改变了计划。)
  此题属于语意搭配题。选项[B]controversial意为“有争议的”。下文中提到了通信革命带来的benefits(利)和“harmful”outcomes(弊),可见对于它在经济、政治等方面所产生的结果,人们还是有争议的,因此[B]是正确答案。选项[A]competitive意为“竞争的”,例如:a competitive society;选项[C]distracting意为“干扰的”,例如:the distracting noise; 选项[D]irrational意为“非理性的”。
  此题属于词语搭配题。选项[C]:against与weigh连用,意为“权衡(利弊)”,例如:He weighed the advantages of changing his job against the disadvantages.(他对所换工作的利弊加以权衡比较。)根据上文“通信革命带来的结果还有争议”,可推断出本句的含义是:我们必须仔细权衡它所造成的利与弊。故选[C]。选项[A]:weigh above,不存在此搭配。选项[B]:weigh upon意为“成为负担”,例如:He’s under huge pressure at work and it’s really weighing on him.(他的工作压力太大,已成为他的负担。)选项[D]:weigh with sb.意为“对……很重要”,例如:Access to the railway station weighed heavily with us.(对我们来说,能到火车站是很重要的。)

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