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小升初英语考试,必须要掌握的英语语法知识点(二)

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小学英语六年级语法训练          

语法及练习1  be动词

Be 动词的用法:

(1) Am--was Is --was Are--were 口诀:我用am, 你用are, is用在他她它,复数全用are。

(2) 肯定和否定句 I am (not) from London. He is(not) a teacher. She is(not) in the dining room. My hair is(not) long. Her eyes are(not) small.

(3) 一般疑问句 Am I a Chinese? Yes, you are. No, you aren’t. Are they American? Yes, they are. No, they aren’t. Is the cat fat? Yes, it is. No, it isn’t.

用恰当的be动词填空。

1. I ______ a boy. ______ you a boy? No, I _____ not.

2. The girl______ Jack's sister.

3. The dog _______ tall and fat.

4. The man with big eyes _______ a teacher.

5. ______ your brother in the classroom?

6. Where _____ your mother? She ______ at home.

7. How _______ your father?

8. Mike and Liu Tao ______ at school.

9. Whose dress ______ this?

10. Whose socks ______ they?

11. That ______ my red skirt.

12. Who ______ I?

13.The jeans ______ on the desk.

14. Here ______ a scarf for you.

15. Here ______ some sweaters for you.

16. The black gloves ______ for Su Yang.

17. This pair of gloves ______ for Yang Ling.

18. The two cups of milk _____ for me.

19. Some tea ______ in the glass.

20. Gao shan's shirt _______ over there.

21. My sister's name ______Nancy.

22. This ______ not Wang Fang's pencil.

23. ______ David and Helen from England?

24. There ______ a girl in the room.

25. There ______ some apples on the tree.

26. _______ there any kites in the classroom?

27. _______ there any apple juice in the bottle?

28. There _______ some bread on the plate.

29. There _______ a boy, two girls, three men and ten women in the park.

30. You, he and I ______ from China.

 语法及练习2 人称代词和物主代词

人称代词和物主代词

1.人称代词主格和宾格的区别:主格通常位于句中第一个动词之前(有时候位于than 之后),宾格一般位于动词或介词之后。

2.物主代词形容词性与名词性的区别:形容词性用时后面一般要带上名词,名词性则单独使用,后面不带名词。

一.填写代词表主格。

I

 

 

 

it

we

 

 

 

you

 

 

 

 

 

them

 

 

his

 

 

 

your

 

 

 

 

hers

 

 

 

 

二.用所给词的适当形式填空。

1. That is not _________ kite. That kite is very small, but _________ is very big. ( I )

2. The dress is _________. Give it to _________. ( she )

3. Is this _________ watch? (you) No, it’s not _________ . ( I )

4. _________ is my brother. ________ name is Jack. Look! Those stamps are _________. ( he )

5. _________ dresses are red. (we) What colour are _________? ( you )

6. Here are many dolls, which one is _________ ? ( she )

7. I can find my toy, but where’s _________? ( you )

8. Show _________ your kite, OK? (they)

9. I have a beautiful cat. _________name is Mimi. These cakes are _________. ( it )

10. Are these ________ tickets? No, ________ are not _________. ________ aren’t here. ( they ) 11. Shall _________ have a look at that classroom? That is _________ classroom. ( we )

12. _________ is my aunt. Do you know _________ job? _________ a nurse. ( she )

13. That is not _________ camera. _________is at home. ( he )

14. Where are _________? I can’t find _________. Let’s call _________ parents. ( they )

15. Don’t touch _________. _________ not a cat, _________ a tiger!

16. _________ sister is ill. Please go and get _________. ( she )

17. _________ don’t know her name. Would you please tell _________. ( we )

18. So many dogs. Let’s count _________. ( they )

19. I have a lovely brother. _________ is only 3. I like _________ very much. ( he )

20. May I sit beside _________? ( you )

21. Look at that desk. Those book are on _________. ( it )

22.The girl behind _________ is our friend. (she )

语法及练习3 名词复数和动词三单

一、名词复数规则

1.一般情况下,直接加-s,如:book-books, bag-bags, cat-cats, bed-beds

2.以s. x. sh. ch结尾,加-es,如:bus-buses, box-boxes, brush-brushes, watch-watches

3.以“辅音字母+y”结尾,变y为i, 再加-es,如:family-families, strawberry-strawberries

4.以“f或fe”结尾,变f或fe为v, 再加-es,如:knife-knives

5.不规则名词复数: man-men, woman-women, policeman-policemen, policewoman-policewomen, mouse-mice child-children foot-feet,.tooth-teeth fish-fish, people-people, Chinese-Chinese, Japanese-Japanese

练习:写出下列各词的复数。

I _________  him _________  this _______  her ______   watch _______ book_______

child _______ photo ________ diary ______   day________  foot________ dress ________ tooth_______ sheep ______   box_______  strawberry _____ thief _______yo-yo ______ peach______ sandwich ______ man______   woman_______ paper_______ people________

二.动词三单的变化规则

1.一般情况下,直接加-s,如:cook-cooks, milk-milks

2.以s. x. sh. ch. o结尾,加-es,如:guess-guesses, wash-washes, watch-watches, go-goes

3.以“辅音字母+y”结尾,变y为i, 再加-es,如:study-studies

练习: 写出下列动词的第三人称单数。

drink ________   go _______   stay ________   make ________   look _________

have_______    pass_______   carry ____      come________    watch______

plant_______    fly ________   study_______   brush________    teach_______

语法及练习4 一般现在时

一般现在时一般现在时基本用法介绍   

一般现在时的功能  

1.表示事物或人物的特征、状态。如:The sky is blue.天空是蓝色的。  

2.表示经常性或习惯性的动作。如:I get up at six every day.我每天六点起床。  

3.表示客观现实。如:The earth goes around the sun.地球绕着太阳转。  

一般现在时的构成  

1. be动词:主语+be(am,is,are)+其它。如:I am a boy.我是一个男孩。  

2.行为动词:主语+行为动词(+其它)。如:We study English.我们学习英语。  

当主语为第三人称单数(he, she,it)时,要在动词后加"-s"或"-es"。如:Mary likes Chinese.玛丽喜欢汉语。  

一般现在时的变化

1. be动词的变化。否定句:主语+ be + not +其它。如:He is not a worker.他不是工人。  

一般疑问句:Be +主语+其它。如:-Are you a student?  -Yes. I am. / No, I'm not.  

特殊疑问句:疑问词+一般疑问句。如:Where is my bike?   

2.行为动词的变化。否定句:主语+ don't( doesn't ) +动词原形(+其它)。如:I don't like bread.   当主语为第三人称单数时,要用doesn't构成否定句。如:He doesn't often play.  

一般疑问句:Do( Does ) +主语+动词原形+其它。

如:- Do you often play football? - Yes, I do. / No, I don't.   

当主语为第三人称单数时,要用does构成一般疑问句。

如:- Does she go to work by bike? - Yes, she does. / No, she doesn't.   

特殊疑问句:疑问词+一般疑问句。如:How does your father go to work?

一般现在时用法专练:

一、用括号内动词的适当形式填空。

1. He often ________(have) dinner at home.

2. Daniel and Tommy _______(be) in Class One.

3. We _______(not watch) TV on Monday.

4. Nick _______(not go) to the zoo on Sunday.

5. ______ they ________(like) the World Cup?

6. What _______they often _______(do) on Saturdays?

7. _______ your parents _______(read) newspapers every day?

8. The girl _______(teach) us English on Sundays.

9. She and I ________(take) a walk together every evening.

10. There ________(be) some water in the bottle.

11. Mike _______(like) cooking.

12. They _______(have) the same hobby.

13. My aunt _______(look) after her baby carefully.

14. You always _______(do) your homework well.

15. I _______(be) ill. I’m staying in bed.

16. She _______(go) to school from Monday to Friday.

17. Liu Tao _______(do) not like PE.

18. The child often _______(watch) TV in the evening.

19. Su Hai and Su Yang _______(have) eight lessons this term.

20. -What day _______(be) it today? - It’s Saturday.

二、按照要求改写句子。

1. Daniel watches TV every evening.(改为否定句) ___________________________________________________

2. I do my homework every day.(改为一般疑问句,作否定回答) ________________________________________________________

3. She likes milk.(改为一般疑问句,作肯定回答) ___________________________

4. Amy likes playing computer games.(改为一般疑问句,作否定回答) ___________________________________________________

5. We go to school every morning.(改为否定句) _______________________________________________________

6. He speaks English very well.(改为否定句) ___________________________________________________

7. I like taking photos in the park.(对划线部分提问) ________________________________________________________

8. John comes from Canada.(对划线部分提问) ___________________________________________________

9. She is always a good student.(改为一般疑问句,作否定回答) ________________________________________________________

10. Simon and Daniel like going skating.(改为否定句) ___________________________________________________

三、改错(划出错误的地方,将正确的写在横线上)

1. Is your brother speak English? __________________

2. Does he likes going fishing? __________________

3. He likes play games after class. __________________

4. Mr. Wu teachs us English. __________________

5. She don’t do her homework on Sundays. _________________


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